Renewable Energy Developments: Weekly Review 8/25 – 8/29

Renewable energy solutions continue to contribute to solving the world’s energy crisis. Below are recent articles highlighting recent news and developments in the space.

Renewable Energy Capacity Grows at Fastest Ever Pace Terry Macalister on The Guardian

A recent report by the International Energy Agency revealed that renewable power capacity grew at its strongest ever pace last year and now produces 22% of the world’s electricity. More than $250 billion was invested in “green” generating systems in 2013 yet the speed of growth is expected to slow due to politician’s concerns over the costs of deploying renewables. Maria van der Hoeven, executive director of the IEA, said: “Renewables are a necessary part of energy security.” She advised: “Governments must distinguish more clearly between the past, present and future, as costs are falling over time.”

The level of investment in renewable is lower today than it was at its peak of $280 billion in 2011. It is expected to average only $230 billion annually going forward unless governments make increasing policy commitments to increase spending. The growth rate will need to improve to meet climate change targets.

Powering the World’s Poorer Economies: A Response to Bill Gates and Jigar Shah Carl Pope on Green Tech Media

There is an ongoing debate between Bill Gates and Jigar Shaw over the best way to provide energy access to the world’s poor. Gates is an advocate for centralized, fossil-fuel-based electrification while Shah calls for prioritizing distributed renewable solutions yet neither can provide evidence to support which is the cheapest, most reliable solution to reach the 3.2 billion people living in energy poverty. Carl Pope, former executive director of Sierra Club, weighs in with the facts.

New fossil-fuel electricity can reach the poor cheaply, quickly and reliably, if:

  • The households or businesses have already been wired to the grid
  • The coal (or natural gas) is local, easily extracted and doesn’t require massive disruption of existing communities.
  • The population to be served is small enough that plants don’t need pollution-control equipment
  • The region has a sufficient water surplus

Fossil fuels won’t work in most energy deprived regions because the costs of grid extensions, fuel importation, pollution clean-up and water shortages are too high to hope to provide affordable and reliable electricity.

The idea that renewable electricity costs more than fossil fuel power is simply no longer true. Renewables are increasingly cheaper than fossil alternatives for both on-grid and off-grid customers.

Let’s Stop Just Consuming and Become Part of the Internet of Energy on CleanTechies

When Ryan Wartena started our portfolio company GELI, his ultimate goal was the boost the use of energy storage so that “we can run the world on renewable energy,” he said. To achieve this, he created an “operating system” for decentralized energy. With this energy storage platform, companies that are generating more power than they need using renewable energy (i.e. achieving energy decentralization) are able to generate and store power, track energy price changes, and ultimately sell it back to the grid.

The company’s business model focuses on getting energy storage out there as quickly as possible. GELI provides integration software and allows its customers to go to their OEMs to get components, saving them money. The system can control electric vehicles, solar, storage, diesel backups and mechanical systems and there are many opportunities for to better integrate resources and focus on the “Internet of Energy”. “We need to focus on being producers, rather than consumers,” said Wartena.

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Power Africa Initiative Energy Developments: Weekly Review 8/4 – 8/8

Momentum gathers in Power Africa initiative on BiztechAfrica

Standard Bank Group has renewed its commitment to the Power Africa Initiative, a multi-stakeholder project driven by US President Barack Obama. The Initiative aims to double power access in Africa by accelerating investments in the sector over the next five years.

The six initial partner countries are Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Liberia, Nigeria and Tanzania. Each have set ambitious goals to boost their power generating capacity to enhance energy security, decrease poverty and foster economic growth. According to Sim Tshabalala, Chief Executive of Standard Bank Group, funding for power projects has increased from $150 million to over $400 million since 2013, and the pipeline for these projects is growing.

Besides helping finance projects under the Power Africa initiative, Standard Bank is actively leading the policy reform process required to facilitate increased private investment in Africa’s power sector.

Africa’s growing energy needs test climate change policies by Zack Colman on Washington Examiner

Businesses, lawmakers, heads of state and policy experts all have different solutions to Africa’s energy needs, but they all boil down to the idea that Africa needs a little bit of everything. “We have to invest in energy. Cheap energy,” stated Amara Konneh, Liberia Finance Minister at the United States-Africa Business Forum on Tuesday. In order to meet energy needs, some of the electricity will come from fossil fuels, such as natural gas. Some could also be generated through renewable sources such as hydropower, biomass and solar.

Energy efficiency will also need to play a key role. As African nations continue to grow and demand more electricity, the “all of the above” approach to energy will make it harder to reduce carbon emissions that contribute to climate change.

The IEA predicts that Africa will invest $176 billion in fossil fuel-fired power through 2035 ($114 billion of which will be coal-based) compared to the $28 billion of investment between 2000 and 2013. Renewable energy investment will attract even greater investment, predicted to hit $264 billion in investment over the same period.

Doug McMillion, president of Walmart, said that African nations could be where new technologies leap frog older ones, stating, “In Africa, it just seems that there’s a place for investments to accelerate this process, to do some generation skipping.” This means that rather than starting nascent infrastructure projects with the same varieties industrial and post-industrial nations began with, the continent could start from a different point.

Obama announces more investment in Africa by U.S. firms during leaders’ summit by Juliet Eilperin and Katie Zezime on Washington Post

President Obama announced Tuesday that private companies are providing an additional $12 billion in aid to the administration’s electrification program for Africa, raising total commitments to the Power Africa Initiative to $26 billion. The Initiative is aiming to add 30,000 Mw of capacity and expand electricity to 60 million households and businesses.

The continent has seen significant economic growth and business opportunities are growing yet adequate power supply remains the biggest obstacle to furthering economic development. More than 70 percent of Africans lack reliable electricity supply and power outages cost more than 5 percent of GDP in Malawi, Uganda and South Africa.

The administration has earmarked $1 billion of the program’s funds for off-grid and small-scale energy solutions over the next five years, which are overwhelmingly renewable.  In a little more than a year since Obama launched Power Africa, the initiative has purred signed agreements that will generate 2,800 Mw of electricity with deals for an additional 5,000 Mw in negotiation. On the subject of the recent substantial commitments to the initiative, Obama said, “Today we’re raising the bar.”

Power Africa – A Successful Year But Only a Beginning by Paul Hinks on AllAfrica

Just over a year ago, Power Africa was announced and President Obama promised to bring electricity to 20 million new homes and businesses and to double access to electricity in Africa.  At the time he said, “in order for this to work, then we all have to feel a sense of urgency…if we are going to electrify Africa, we’ve got to do it with more speed”. According to Hinks, CEO of Symbion Power LLC, this is what will define the future of Power Africa. It is important to reduce timelines so that more generation capacity is available and more transmission and distribution lines are constructed. The demand for energy in Africa won’t be easily satisfied because as power becomes available, the demand for it will continue to grow each year. The time has come for African governments to create new power infrastructure and to embrace the private sector to boost energy investment.

The time has also come for the U.S. government agency involved in the Power Africa initiative to match their processes and systems to President Obama’s call for urgency. Despite early Power Africa successes, much remains to be done. The six Power Africa governments must make the necessary policy and systematic changes to accelerate the availability of power. The United States must also push to pass the Electrify Africa and Energize Africa Acts to deliver on the Power Africa promises made a year ago.

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Global Energy Updates: Weekly Review 6/30-7/4

Most of the developing world finds itself in an energy crisis, with little to no access to the grid or unreliable power supply for those with access. The portion of the world with reliable energy on the other hand wastes billions of dollars worth of watts every year. The articles below discuss each of these energy problems and outline solutions that could save money while providing more.

Why Solar Energy is Key to Solving Global Poverty by Kristine Wong on Takepart
Solar energy is emerging as a way to give power to the 1.3 billion people in the world with no access to the grid. Thanks to solar panels installed in schools, like the local high school in Kunthur outside of Bangalore, India, students return home from school with fully charged batteries to light their homes for the night. Increased public investment in off-grid energy solutions could make access to light a possibility for the rest of the population. A report estimates that $500 million in public financing has the potential to spur a $12 billion off-grid solar market by 2030.

4 Lessons Pakistan’s Off-Grid Solar Market Can Teach the World by Justin Guay and Vrinda Manglik on Greentech Solar
Pakistan is facing an energy crisis. The majority of the rural population has no access to the grid and those that do face power cuts and supply shortages due to the country’s climate. Drought limits the use of hydropower and high oil prices make the existing energy supply unattainable for most citizens. Pakistan has the potential to be an off-grid solar leader of South Asia, rivaling India and Bangladesh, yet the government continues to focus on large-scale energy supply and grid solutions rather than turning to off-grid solutions. In light of this, EcoEnergyFinance took a different approach and put solar power directly into the hands of the people. The four lessons they learned from Pakistan’s Market can be extended beyond borders:
1. Giving away solar leads to market spoilage
2. Pay-as-you-go finance is the future
3. Word-of-mouth marketing is key
4. Market information is key
What is the key takeaway from these lessons? If EcoEnergyFinance is able to build and grow a company in a market environment like Pakistan’s, the future for off-grid solar systems looks bright.

This Startup Says it Can Make the World’s Cheapest Solar Panels by Katie Fehrenbacher on Gigaom
Siva Power, an eight-year-old startup claims that it will soon be capable of making the world’s cheapest solar panels, at only $0.28 per watt. To have the capacity to do so it will need to first build a $100 million, 300 MW pilot factory. Should the company succeed in its mission, the lightweight solar panels would be by far the most affordable in the world. Currently, competitors are capable of making similar lightweight panels for $0.55 to $0.75 per watt.

Around $80 Billion Wasted on Power for Online Devices by IEA
Inefficient technology is to blame for the $80 billion wasted each year by the world’s 14 billion online electronic devices. As economies become increasingly digital, there has been an increase in their electricity demands and subsequently, energy waste. To reduce this waste, we need to focus on creating more efficient devices, better policies, and a mixture of private and public financing support. If better energy efficiency measures were applied to online devices, 600 TWh of energy could be saved in the coming years.

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